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Types of valves used for Drain & Plumbing

There are alot of types of valves used for drain and plumbing.A valve is a type of fitting that regulates, controls, and directs the flow of fluids via a pipe. Homeowners use valves to separate portions of plumbing for repairs or to cut off a water supply when a leak appears. Valves are frequently employed in a wide range of commercial and industrial applications. In its most basic form, a plumbing valve is any valve used to control the flow of water in a potable or human waste water system.

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Types of valves used for Drain and Plumbing
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A sluice valve, also known as a gate valve, opens by raising a barrier out of the way of the fluid. When completely opened, gate valves take up relatively little space along the pipe axis and barely limit fluid flow.

In a pipeline, a gate valve is often used to totally shut off fluid flow or to give full flow in the fully open position. As a result, it may be utilized in either the fully closed or completely open position. A gate valve has a valve body, seat, and disc, as well as a spindle, gland, and wheel for operation. The seat and the gate work together to stop the passage of fluid.

When a gate valve is fully open, the disk is totally withdrawn from the flow stream. When the valve is open, this property provides essentially minimal flow resistance. As a result, a pressure drop across an open gate valve is minimal. When the valve is fully closed, there is a 360° disk-to-seal ring contact surface, ensuring effective sealing. When a disk is properly mated to the seal ring, there is very little or no leakage across the disk when the gate valve is closed.

Gate Valve types Depending Type of Stem:

Rising Stem Gate Valve:  The OS & Y kind of gate valve is another name for it (Outside steam and York). The stem rises when the valve is opened and falls when it is closed, indicating the position of the gate valve. The stem threads never come into touch with the flow media and are therefore immune to corrosion and erosion.

Non-Rising Stem Gate Valve: The stem of a non-rising stem gate valve, also known as an insider screw valve, is threaded into the gate. There is no rising and lowering of the stem since the hand wheel and stem move simultaneously. The flow medium comes into touch with the stem.

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The stop valve (SVA) is a highly efficient and cost-effective component. are a complete selection of stop valves that are used in a variety of applications ranging from domestic to industrial.Stop valves are used in plumbing fixtures to turn off the flow of hot or cold water.

A stop valve is a valve system that is used to halt the flow of liquid via a pipe. It is commonly found in crucial machinery or at a human workplace. SVAs are used in a variety of everyday applications, including faucets/ faucets kitchen, ice-makers, baths, dishwashers, and washing machines.

A stop valve can be turned on and off manually or automatically. Manual SVAs, which are the most often used valves in plumbing applications, often include a screw handle to stop and enable fluid to flow through the pipe. These valves are placed between the fixture and the pipe that protrudes from the walls or flooring.

There are two kinds of stop valves:

  • Type of Angle-way
  • Straight-ahead

As a result, their assistance is quite straightforward. Stop valves are popular in a wide range of refrigeration applications. The stop valve cone is designed to ensure complete closing while withstanding strong framework throb and vibration, which might be present notably in the release line.


A ball valve is a type of shut-off valve that controls the flow of a liquid or gas by the use of a rotatable ball with a bore. The medium can flow through or is stopped by turning the ball a quarter turn around its axis. They have a long service life and ensure reliable sealing during the life of the valve, even when it is not in use for an extended period of time.’

A ball valve is a type of shut-off valve that controls the flow of a liquid or gas by the use of a rotatable ball with a bore. The medium can flow through or is stopped by turning the ball a quarter turn around its axis. They have a long service life and ensure reliable sealing during the life of the valve, even when it is not in use for an extended period of time.

STANDARD VALVE: Standard ball valves are made up of the housing, seats, ball, and a lever for rotating the ball. They include ball valves with two, three, or four ports that might be female, male, or a mixture of the two.

FLANGED BALL VALVES : These ball valves have two, three, or four ports, can be authorized for certain media, have an ISO-top, and everything else that a conventional ball valve could have. They are commonly composed of stainless steel, steel, or cast iron.


Check valves are commonly used to prevent backflow in pipes. A check valve is essentially a one-way valve that allows flow to travel freely one direction but closes if the flow turns to safeguard the pipes, other valves, pumps, and so on. Water hammer can develop if the flow turns and no check valve is fitted.

Check valves are utilized in a wide range of applications. They are frequently used on the outlet side of a pump, for example, to protect the pump against backflow. Because centrifugal pumps, the most popular form of water pump, are not self-priming, check valves are required to maintain water in the pipes.

 The common types of check valves:

Swing check valves: are characterized by a disc that swings on a hinge or shaft. The disc swings away from the seat to enable forward movement, and then swings back onto the seat to prevent reverse flow. The weight of the disc and the return flow have an effect on the valve’s shut off valve characteristics.

Ball check valves: A ball check valve works by moving a ball within the valve up and down. The seat is machined to accommodate the ball, and the chamber is conically designed to guide the ball into the seat and seal it, preventing reverse flow.



A backwater valve is a mechanism fitted on a sewer or waste pipe that stops sewage or waste water from flowing back into the structure. The valve is a physical barrier that enables sewage to flow in one direction while preventing backflow from plumbing fixtures such as toilet floors, shower sinks, bathtubs, and drains. If you’re unsure, look about your basement – backwater valve installation are typically situated on the floor and have a cover that may be readily removed for repair. The lid is most likely spherical, although it might possibly have a rectangular panel on top. The backwater valve is probably nearby if you have a sump pump


  • Horizontal Backwater Valve:  To avoid backflow, a backwater valve with an internal check member and a manual gate valve is meant to be put in a horizontal drain line.
  • Terminal backwater Valve: A backwater valve with a check member to prevent backflow that is put at the discharge end of a horizontal drain line.
  • Combination Floor Drain: A backflow-preventer floor drain with an internal check member.
  • Vertical or 90-Deg Backwater Valves: Backwater valve for vertical pipework, such as downstream of a P-trap or storage tank.


To provide complete protection, the installation must be located downstream of all fixtures. If the backwater valve is positioned upstream of any basement fittings, sanitary sewage may discharge via those fittings under backflow conditions.’

The best technique to guarantee that the backwater sanitary valve is downstream of all fixtures is to video the subsurface system to check that no fixtures are connected downstream of the backwater valve site.

There are several varieties of backwater sanitary valves, and they are fitted in various ways. The most typical type is a Mainline Full-port Backwater valve, which is installed by drilling a hole in the foundation floor within the residence above the main line sewer line to expose it and enable for installation. Another, less usual option is to place it someplace on the sanitary lateral outside the home.

Sanitary backflow prevention systems can help to mitigate the severe damage caused by sewer backup. A valve may have been put during building if you have a newer home. Backflow valves are typically found in the floor; if you have a sump pump, the valve is likely to be nearby.



The interior elements of a gate valve are protected by a bonnet. It is screwed or fastened into place on the valve body, forming a leak-proof seal. As a result, it may be removed for repairs or maintenance. Gate valves can have screw-in, union, fastened, or pressure seal bonnets, depending on the application.

Screw-in Bonnets: Screw-in bonnets are the most straightforward to make. They’re commonly found in tiny valves and create a long-lasting leak-proof seal.

Union Bonnets: A union nut holds union bonnets in place. The union nut screws into the threads of the valve body and rests on the lower edge of the bonnet. This design prevents the leak-proof seal produced by the nut from deteriorating due to repeated bonnet removal. As a result, union bonnets are frequently used in applications that need routine inspection or repair.

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