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PVC Pipes in Plumbing

Decades ago, there was a time when metal, ceramic and concrete were the only materials used for residential plumbing pipes and tubing. Copper was the most used go-to material for the plumbers worldwide. Still, many homes use pipe metals, including copper and galvanized steel today. Although long-lasting, metal plumbing requires laborious installation work. Pipe need to be threaded or welded, and tubing often requires the installation of sensitive compression fittings. PVC pipes are a good replacement for metals.

But more recently, plumbers have realized that PVC pipes can do the job just as well. PVC pipes use its superior properties to beat its competitors in most of the plumbing solutions. PVC Pipes are abrasion-resistant and lightweight. They have a great deal of strength. is also easy to install, as it can be cut, shaped, welded, and joined easily in endless types of configurations. PVC is also durable. It does not rot like wood or rust like metal. It is resistant to weathering, chemical corrosion, shock, and abrasion. PVC pipe has a potential in-service life of up to 100 years. It has become the best option for many plumbers who seek long-term piping solutions.

 

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Cost effective PVC Pipes can be purchased at the fraction of cost as compared to other types of metallic plumbing materials. PVC Pipes also reduce the impact on the environment requiring less energy. It is a better alternative to most of the plumbing solutions. PVC Pipes also prevents some of the common problems that we basically face in case of metal materials.

With all the advantages for PVC Pipes. It also has some kind of downsides. It has its own share of problems. We are going to look at some of the advantages and disadvantages of PVC pipes.

Advantages

1.  Corrosion resistant

PVC pipes show excellent resistance to a wide range of chemical reagents, disinfectant chemicals, and household chemicals. Such reagents cannot affect the internal of PVC pipes. They also stand up against most strong acids, mineral oils, fats, and alcohols. Due to this reason, homeowners prefer this pipe more.

2. Lightweight

PVC Pipe is comparatively low-weight as compared to other types of pipes. A plumber can easily set up PVC pipe in a short period of time and are less likely to cause injury. PVC pipes are easy to carry due to less weight and hired plumber can get the piping installed comparatively faster than iron or steel. Less weight also means cheaper transport as many company charges buy the weight load.  Saving money is another advantage of PVC Pipes.

3. Flexibility

Such PVC Pipes are made from rigid PVC compound, the PVC Pipe itself has the ability to yield under loading without fracturing. PVC Pipes can successfully be used in road plumbing. They have higher pressure resistance to the hammer. Are more flexible than other ordinary pipes.

4. Fewer Blockages

PVC pipes have fewer chances of the blockages as it has a strong connection fast flowing of the drain. These types of pipes do not clog and even if they get clogged, they can be unclogged faster as compared to metal drains.

5. The long service life of PVC

Pipes have a proven performance record to be over 100 years. The combination of pipe examination and testing date in conjunction with previous pipe break studies and dig-up reports of pipes in-service support PVC’s longevity and performance in excess of 100 years.

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Disadvantages

1. The Temperature

Plastic pipes don’t transfer heat well but however, they contract and expand depending upon the temperature. As PVC pipes are self-insulating and capable of working at the very high-temperature water. Also, PVC pipes are not very flame resistant and burn easily.

2. Effect of the environment:

According to Savvy Cafe, PVC pipes contain traces of compounds that are harmful to the environment. Also, these solvents used to join PVC pipes and fittings together may contain volatile organic compounds.

3. Size

PVC pipes are only available in a small number of sizes. These found in sizes only ranging from ½ to 2 inches. PVC pipe joints can be very bulky, which restricts them from use in tight places. These types of pipes may be sometimes not available for size.

Types of PVC Pipes

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) may be the plumbing system pipe material most people are familiar with, but it’s far from the only choice. Of the materials available, each has individual properties that make it better for certain applications than for others. Types of plastic pipes include:


Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX)
 — One of the most popular pipe plastics used today, PEX is commonly installed in place of copper pipes or chosen as an alternative to other types of plastic. It’s often installed to deliver both hot and cold water, particularly drinking water. It’s also a popular choice for appliances such as boilers. This material is known for its flexibility, low cost, ease of fitting and ability to maintain water pressure. While red is typically used for hot water and blue for cold, there’s no difference in the material.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) — Another material popular for the modern plumbing system pipe, PVC is a white or grey pipe used for high-pressure water. It isn’t as flexible as PEX, making it less appropriate for smaller interior spaces. That makes it inapplicable for kitchen drains, where hot water from cooking or the dishwater could damage the pipe. Certain versions of PVC, in particular pipes rated DWV (drainage, waste, and vent), may leach chemicals and shouldn’t be used for drinking water.

Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) — CPVC is PVC that’s been treated with chlorine, a process known as chlorination. CPVC is more easily shaped and more flexible than PVC, and it can stand up to higher pressures and temperatures. These properties make CPVC popular for industrial applications, but this pipe is also used to carry residential drinking water. On the downside, its flexibility means it requires more support than PVC pipes. Because it will crack if frozen, it shouldn’t be used underground.

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High-density polyethylene (HDPE) — One of the toughest plumbing system pipe materials around, HDPE works well for nearly all plumbing uses. It’s durable, flexible and resists corrosion well. These pipes are available in long lengths, and any joints necessary are made using heat fusion, which is almost leak-proof. HDPE conserves water pressure because it creates minimal “drag” or friction that reduces water pressure.

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) — Drainage, waste and vent pipes are the usual application for this black pipe material. It’s impact- and heat-resistant, making it ideal for outdoor use. Because many building codes prohibit its use, however, PVC or HDPE pipes are often used instead.

Grey polybutylene (PB) is another type of plastic pipe material that may still be found in some homes. Because PB tends to split and leak, it’s rarely used in new installations. Old PB pipes can be replaced with a more reliable material, such as PEX or CPVC.

We, Toronto Plumber, are a locally operated company and our office is located in GTA. With our network of mobile service units and plumbing service vehicles, call us anytime at 416-383-7378 for all your plumbing and drainage needs.

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